Skills That Your Child Will Master in Kindergarten: A Handbook

Kindergarten provides a critical knowledge and skill set base that students use throughout their academic careers. The school year brings new academic expectations as well as lots of excitement and opportunities for growth. The following details the skills that students will master in kindergarten and how parents can help their children work on these skills outside of school.

Letters and letter sounds
Children learn to recognize, name, and write all of the uppercase and lowercase letters and the sounds that the letters make. During the year, they are introduced to approximately 30 high frequency or “sight” words such as “the” and out.” The best way to work on literacy skills with the little ones is to read out loud with them. Allow children to select some of their own books at the library or the bookstore.


Writing short sentences
Kindergarten students learn how to write short CVC (consonant, vowel, consonant) words such as cat and bed. As their vocabulary grows, they learn how to put together short simple sentences, such as, “The dog has a bone.” Make writing utensils and paper readily available at home so that your child can draw and write as he wishes.

Numbers and counting
By the end of kindergarten, students should be able to identify, write, order, and count up to the number 30. They should also be able to add up to and subtract from 10. Look for natural openings to discuss numbers and counting with your child around the house or around town, such as making dinner or waiting in a doctor’s office.

Shapes and objects
Children learn the following shapes in kindergarten: circle, square, rectangle, and triangle and are able to identify them and sort them by size, color, and shape. Seek out fun ways to work with shapes at home, such as sorting an old box of buttons by color or arranging blocks in piles according to shape.

Telling time and identifying seasons
Kindergarten students should be able to tell time to the nearest hour and understand events that take place at certain times. For example, noon is the time that they eat lunch or 3:00 in the afternoon is the time that they finish school. Use words that describe time such as morning, yesterday, and tomorrow in conversation with your child, and talk about the weather on a regular basis.

Pacific Preschool understands how learning essential skills fosters child development. Through targeted academics designed to meet certain standards, children become more disciplined while learning the skills that they need to succeed both in school and in life in general. Visit our website or fill out our online contact form to learn more about our Ladera Ranch, Laguna Niguel, and San Marcos locations.

About Pacific Preschool & Kindergarten

Pacific PreSchool & Kindergarten is one-of-a-kind preschool and child care center in San Marcos, California. Their goal is to provide an early childhood education program to little children so that it satisfies their physical, socio-emotional and child development needs in a progressive way. Lynda Way, the owner of Pacific PreSchool & Kindergarten, makes use of her 40 years of professional knowledge in childhood development and truly loves what she does.

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